You must have seen a lot of status of the largest creature in the animal kingdom, but what about those tiny ants who live together in thousands and remain out of sight? While their single sting can teach a good lesson to many predators, their small size gives them many advantages in battle.
Despite being small, many of their species are large in size. Yes, many such ants also exist which are 1.6 inches in length and which is known as the world’s largest ants. So let us take you to the world of ants where we will tell you about the top ten biggest ants in the world.
List of biggest ants in the world
1. Giant Amazonian Ant
Scientific Name: Dinoponera gigantea
Length: 1.6 inch
At the beginning of the article, we introduce you to the ant which is known as the world’s biggest ant. Yes, we are talking about the giant Amazonian ant which is also commonly known as Dinoponera, Tocandiras. Its length reaches about 1.6 inches.
This giant ant, found only in South America, is found in the rainforest and coastal areas here, and if we talk about its color, then where a female giant Amazonian ant is completely black, on the other hand, the male ant deep red color. And this ant can be more territorial than other ants.
This ant usually makes its nest in the soil and does not go more than 30 feet away from its nest in search of food and now if we talk about the diet of this ant, then it eats many types of plants, insects as well as spiders, snails. And also makes crickets its morsel.
2. Bullet Ant
Scientific Name: Paraponera clavata
Length: 1.2 inch
The name of Bullet ant itself tells how painful the sting of this ant is. It is often compared to being shot. Along with this, this ant is also poisonous in which neurotoxin poison is found. In such a situation, if this ant stings a person, then this person may have to suffer due to pain for about eight hours.
One of the largest species of ant, the bullet ant reaches a length of about 1.2 inches. Commonly found in the rainforests of Central America and South America, this ant makes its nest under trees.
Bullet ant’s body is red-black in color and its prey definitely includes the glasswing butterfly.
3. Carpenter Ant
Scientific Name: Camponotus
Length: 1 inch
Carpenter ants populations are found around the world. Where it likes to make its shelter in the forested areas. This name has also been given to Carpenter ant because this ant is a master in making its nest in wood. Keeping dry wood on first priority, this ant makes its nest very easily.
Usually black or dark brown in color, the carpenter ant grows to a length of about 1 inch. Along with this, this small-looking ant may be very small in terms of size, but takes a very aggressive form when needed.
In such a situation, when another ant tries to attack the Carpenter ant’s nest, then this ant does not delay even a moment to kill it.
4. Dinoponera Quadriceps Ant
Scientific Name: Dinoponera quadriceps
Length: 0.8 inch
Dinoponera quadriceps ant is a very poisonous species of ant found in Brazil that makes nests in warm and wet forest areas. It is completely black and grows to a length of about 0.8 inches. The special thing is that there is no queen ant in their group because all females are fully capable of ant reproduction.
They like to build their nests at the base of trees and do not go far from their nests in search of food. Being omnivorous, when this ant hunts, it uses poison to control the insects. Let us tell you that its sting can be extremely painful because in some cases there is severe pain for about two days.
5. Banded Sugar Ant
Scientific Name: Camponotus consobrinus
Length: 0.6 inch
The banded sugar ant is also commonly known as the sugar ant. This ant is native to Australia. Growing up to about 0.6 inches, this ant is found in many different habitats, including woodland, grassland, forest, coastal and urban areas.
The banded sugar ant is easily recognizable because while a female ant has a black head and an orange stripe around its middle, the male ant is black with orange, brown legs. The banded sugar ant is also known as a common household pest because it often chews wood and damages furniture.
Although this ant neither stings nor often bites people, but it often attacks the nests of other ants and first catches and then kills the ants that come in front of it.
6. Black Carpenter Ant
Scientific Name: Camponotus pennsylvanicus
Length: 0.48 inch
The black carpenter ant is native to Canada as well as eastern and central America and can be found mostly in woodland areas where it nests in trees and dry wood. However, the block carpenter ant is considered as an insect because it often damages the structure of houses and other buildings.
These ants are usually about 0.48 inches and its body is completely black. Although the black carpenter ant is not poisonous at all, nor does it sting, but it can bite hard to protect itself from predators, and then spray formic acid on the bitten area, and from plants to Can include even small insects in its diet.
7. Slave-maker Ant
Scientific Name: Epimyrma ravouxi
Length: 0.4 inch
Slave-maker ant is also known in common language as slave making ant. Apart from this, Formica Sanguinea and Blood-red ant are also special names of ant which can grow up to a length of about 0.4 inches and its body color is completely black with a bright red colored head and legs.
The Slave-maker ant is known to be the largest ant in the UK. Along with this, the population of this ant is also seen in Europe, Japan, Russia, China, Korea, Africa and America. This ant prefers to make its home in woodland habitats. Along with this, this ant is also known for raiding the nests of other ants. In which Formica fusca ant is at number one in its target.
During this, the slave-maker ant kills the queen ant whose group it attacks and then enslaves the other members of that group. This is the reason why this ant is known as Slave-maker Ant. Along with this, this ant also has a tremendous defense mechanism where it uses formic acid to kill its prey.
8. Southern Wood Ant
Scientific Name: Formica rufa
Length: 0.35 inch
Now let’s talk about southern wood ant which is also known as formica rufa, red wood ant, horse ant. The southern wood ant’s body is orange and black in color and its length grows up to about 0.35 inches.
Although this ant is usually found in the UK, but its population is also seen in North America. The southern wood ant tends to build its nests in wooded areas, though it can occasionally be found on moors as well. These nests frequently resemble enormous tufts of grass.
Not only this, when a cloud of danger hovers over this ant, it is also known to spray formic acid on predators in its defense. Along with this, this ant also plays an important role in pest control as it targets beetles and small insects on a large scale.
9. Green Ant
Scientific Name: Rhytidoponera metallica
Length: 0.28 inch
Green Ant Although this Chinese is a native of Australia, now its population is also seen in New Zealand. Belonging to the Formicidae family, this ant is also known as the green head ant and the metallic pony ant. Whose length is about 0.28 inches.
Whereas the queen ant of its group is slightly bigger in size. Being an adaptable species, the Green Ant is perfectly capable of living in a wide variety of habitats. Especially get to see their presence in forests, woodland, deserts, and city areas.
Green ant is extremely poisonous and its sting causes Anaphylactic Shock in some people which can prove to be extremely dangerous for affected humans. Although Greenland usually uses it only to kill beetles and moths.
10. Formica Fusca Ant
Scientific Name: Formica fusca
Length: 0.28 inch
In this list of the top 10 world’s biggest ants, the name of Formica fusca ant comes at number 10, which is about 0.28 inches in length. The Formica fusca ant is also commonly known as the silky ant and the dusky ant.
It is a black ant found throughout Europe as well as in parts of southern Asia and Africa. Along with this, it likes to make its nest on the banks of forests or sometimes in the rotten trees present in them.
Belonging to the Formicidae family, this ant can easily live in colonies between 500 and 2000. Where many queens are also present in each colony. And now if we talk about the diet of Formica fusca, then let us tell you that this ant usually lives by eating aphids, black flies, greenflies, and moth larvae.
So this was the 10 biggest ants in the world, how did you like the article, please tell us by commenting, and yes, do not forget to share this article with your friends.