You must have heard about the Saraswati river at some time or the other, but till today no one got the privilege to see this river. The reason is the mysterious river Saraswati, In whose Triveni Sangam, stories of meeting and disappearing are quite famous. So let us know the secret of the disappearance of the Saraswati river, about which people are still surprised to hear.
It is said that there is a meeting of Ganga Yamuna and Saraswati river in Prayag which is also known as Triveni Sangam. The Ganges and Yamuna rivers are seen at this confluence, but the Saraswati river disappears mysteriously.
Many people believe that there is no existence of the Saraswati river on earth. At the same time, some people tell different stories about this river. So what is the secret of the Saraswati river which even scientists could not solve till today?
Saraswati river is mentioned in various Hindu scriptures. In the Rigveda, this river is named Annavati and Udkavati, which has the same status as the Indus River and is considered to be the goddess of language knowledge, various arts, and sciences.
Although the Saraswati river is mentioned in the Rigveda, the debate over its existence continues because the river mysteriously disappears.
And in Mahabharata, the Saraswati river has many names like Plakshavati, Vedasmriti, Vedavati river, etc. It is said that on the banks of this river was Brahmavarta, Kurukshetra, but today there is a reservoir.
Thousands of years ago, the Saraswati river is believed to have originated from the glacier of the Himalayas and met Patiala in Punjab at Ambala Kurukshetra in Haryana and Triveni Sangam via Kaithal. The water of this river never dried up and there was a large amount of cultivation in the places from where the Saraswati river used to pass.
Saraswati River History
According to historians, the history of the Saraswati river is older than the Harappan and Mohenjodaro civilization. In such a situation, the French Proto-Historian “Michael Danino” did extensive research on the existence of this river.
People’s interest in the existence of the Saraswati River increased when Michael Danino wrote a book called “The Lost River on the trail of Saraswati” based on his research
In this book, he told that Saraswati used to be a very big river at one time which used to reach the lowlands flowing through the mountains. During the rainy season, the banks of the Saraswati river would widen from 3 to 10 kilometers.
However, the effect of the changing season gradually began to fall on the flow of the Saraswati river and it started to take the form of a small stream in many places. The book The Lost River shows that the Saraswati river was older than the Harappan period which began to dry up between 4000 BCE.
At the same time, due to other geographical changes, the Saraswati river disappeared in a mysterious way 2000 years ago. Michael Danino also mentioned in his book that about 5000 years ago, the water of river Saraswati used to get water from Yamuna and Sutlej river.
After flowing some distance along the Yamuna river, the Saraswati river went further and merged with other rivers of Haryana and Punjab in the drain and Ghaggars. The Saraswati river, flowing as Ghaggar, disappeared from Rajasthan and Bahawalpur in the Rann of Kutch.
Saraswati River Mystery
Scientists believe that there is no source of water in the “Thar Desert” but miraculously some freshwater sources have been found at that place. At the same time, the rainfall in Jaisalmer is very less, whereas groundwater is found only at a depth of 50 to 60 meters.
Despite the scorching heat throughout the year, the wells of this region never dry up. It is estimated that due to the disappearance of the river Saraswati, its water got converted into groundwater.
In areas where an excessive amount of groundwater is found despite the drought, the amount of titanium in the water samples is negligible, due to which it is difficult to research that water through modern technology.
Research by other scientists shows that freshwater is deposited under sand dunes, which is being considered as a thousand years old groundwater through Radiocarbon dating. Scientists also believe that the water under the dunes may be present above the dry-bottomed Saraswati river.
Once upon a time, the Saraswati river was the best way to increase trade, on the banks of which people had settlements, but in ancient times. The tremors of the great earthquake completely changed the geographical location of North India, which caused the old paths of the Saraswati river stream to change.
Where does the Saraswati river disappear?
It is also believed that due to the change in the internal structure of the earth, the Saraswati river went underground. Due to the leakage of water inside the ground, the river Saraswati slowly disappeared and its water turned into groundwater.
Due to the disappearance of the river Saraswati, all the civilizations of the world had to face global drought during that time. As a result, the Sumerian civilization of Mesopotamia was completely destroyed in 2200 BC. Meanwhile, the old Kingdom of Egypt also came to an end due to the changing climate.
It is also mentioned in the book of Michael Danino that due to the sudden disappearance of the river Saraswati, a large area of Rajasthan became barren. Looking at the map of ancient India, it is found that the flow of the Saraswati river was around the path of the Indus river.
In such a situation, not only the Indus river and its civilization but also the history of Saraswati is the oldest in India. However, during its flow, there is no firm evidence of whether the Saraswati river ever met the Ganges river or not.
Story of Saraswati River
There is also a mention of another river called Drishtivati which was a tributary of Saraswati in the Vedic period. Later, due to the tremors of the terrible earthquake, the mountains of Haryana and Rajasthan rose up on the ground, which changed the direction of the flow of rivers.
Today, the river Drishtivati is known as the Yamuna, whose history is 4000 years old. Due to the earthquake, some part of the Saraswati river water was absorbed into the Yamuna and flowed together, due to which the meeting of the river Saraswati with the meeting of Ganga and Yamuna in Prayag is called Triveni Sangam.
Apart from this, the remaining water of the Saraswati river turned underground into groundwater and thus the existence of the Saraswati river disappeared from the earth. Now you must have understood why the history and existence of the Saraswati river remain in the mind of the people.
We hope that after reading this article you will be able to understand the real reason behind the disappearance of the Saraswati river. Is the existence of the river Saraswati true for you or a rumor? Please let us know by commenting on your answer.