Friends, I can say with certainty that you must have seen many forts in India and you must have heard about many forts. But today we are going to tell you about the Murud-Janjira fort through this article, which no one has won to date. This fort is an unsurpassed wonder of the world in terms of security, whose builder has prepared it very well.
The Portuguese, Marathas, and even the British rule, could not spoil this fort, and far from achieving it, everyone left even thinking about it. So let’s know in detail about today’s unique Janjira Fort.
The Murud Janjira Fort(Murud Janjira Killa) located in the city of Murud, 165 km from Mumbai, is a unique specimen of India’s historical military engineering. This oval impregnable fort is surrounded by water from all sides or it can be said. This fort is built in the middle of the sea. This fort is one of the few forts in India that no ruler could win in history.
Friends Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj had also made efforts to win this Murud JanjiraFort, but he too was not successful in winning it. After him, Sambhaji Maharaj attacked this fort, but he too failed to win it. Although Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj was successful in making the way to this fort.
How Chhatrapati Sambhaji Maharaj made this impossible work possible. Before knowing the answer to this question, let us know that the word Janjira is an aberration of the Arabic word Jazeera. This fort was built in the Arabian Sea by a Koli king in the late 1200s to deal with pirates. There is also a well in this fort which, despite being in the middle of the sea, is the source of freshwater for the people living here.
You can reach this fort via the coastal village of Murud. The most special thing about this fort is that it is surrounded by water from all sides, hence it is also called Island Fort. This mighty coastal fort, situated 55 km from Alibaug in Maharashtra, is like no other in the whole of India.
The Murud-Janjira Fort, built on a huge rock in the Arabian Sea, has withstood the test of time in history, thwarted and destroyed many powerful attacks to withstand them. This fort situated on the Konkan coast of Maharashtra used to be the capital of Jarira state history. Earlier this entire area was known as Janjira, but now only this fort is known as Janjira.
Janjira Fort was an important bastion of African principles that played an important role in the history of Mumbai in the late 17th century, which were known to have excellent sailors and merchants. When he came to India, he made this fort his home, and once settled here, he stayed here. After this, this fort became a symbol of his strength and prosperity in the future.
Janjira fort’s history has a long. Attempts were made to conquer this fort many times by the rulers who ruled India, but all of them were unsuccessful. British, Portuguese, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, and Veer Sambhaji also made many attacks on this fort but they all failed to win it.
The carvings on the main entrance of this fort depict six elephants all surrounded by a tiger. This carving of the main gate of the fort shows the bravery of centuries. It is said that there was a time when there were 500 cannons in this fort, which were used to protect the strength of this fort. Talking about the present time, today only selected cannons are left in this fort, but these selected cannons are also fully capable of showing their history.
The main guns in these guns are Kalalbangdi, Landakasam, Chavari cannon, and Bhavani. Made of five metals, these guns were the favorite weapon of the Sindhis. This fort is also known as “Island Fort”. If we talk about the structure of this fort, then this fort was specially built under a strong defense system.
This defense system of Janjira is divided into several layers. It’s the first layer. The water spread around this fort, if an enemy has to attack this fort, then he needs an advanced water system to reach the fort, which was very difficult to make at that time. But now if we assume that the enemy somehow finds a solution to this problem, then it was most important for the enemy to find the entrance of this fort, but finding the entrance of the fort is not an easy thing.
This fort is built in such away. Its nearest door is visible only after coming very close. In this photo, you can see that its entrance is never visible from afar. Now if the enemy comes close to getting rid of this problem, then the attack starts on him with cannons inside the fort. It was impossible for the enemies to escape from these guns.
The outer walls of this fort are made of granite. Hundreds of laborers are required to build this huge fort. This fort was completed by the laborers working day and night here. These laborers were Sindhi Muslims who later settled in Murud, a village near this fort.
Hence ruins of mosques can be seen in this fort. Along with this, many freshwater tanks have also been made for the laborers in this fort, so that people can live here comfortably without water till the rains come. Not much architecture has been done on the walls of this fort. Visually, the walls of the fort appear as if they were made of raw materials.
But these walls of the fort were deliberately made like this. Especially this fort was built from a military point of view. This fort is one of the finest specimens of the architecture of that time. There is also a royal palace inside this fort. The royal palace is still intact, but the roof and some of the walls are broken. The walls of this palace are made of granite, hence still standing firmly.
Apart from this, there are many other buildings in this fort. Such as mosques, kitchens, houses, tablas, and underground passages. Many buildings are interconnected in these buildings. Looking at the ruins of the fort, it seems that the Sindhis must have established a civilized society here and used big cannons and buildings to protect this society.
The biggest cannon among these guns are known as Kalalbangdi. Sindhis were such skilled soldiers. This fort was attacked by the British, Portuguese, and Marathas, but all of them were unsuccessful. Marathas also built huge walls and tunnels in the sea to reach this fort, but in spite of all these, they could not succeed.
To conquer this Janjira fort, the Marathas also built a small fort named “Padmadurg” near it, but they too failed to win it. The fort was revived at the end of the 17th century. Presently the parts inside this fort are in ruins.
There are two gates to enter Murud Janjira Fort – Which no ruler in history could conquer the fort. The main entrance looks something like this. Many animal figures and carvings have been done on this gate. This gate leads directly to the court hall of the fort. At the same time, the Durbar Hall used to be a three-story building, but now it is in ruins and the second gate of the fort is present to its west. This is called the “Darya Gate”. There was an emergency gate that was used to escape from the fort.
Now if we talk about seeing the fort from inside, then as soon as you go inside here you see a room which is known as “Peer Panchayat”. You will also see broken ships near this panchayat. Here you will also find horse stables as you progress further. Next to it, you will also see a palace. This palace has suffered a lot in the last few years. There is also a freshwater lake to the north of this palace.
A Bala fort will also be found here, which is used for raising your flag. Looking through the window of the palace, you will also see a building, which is known as Sadar. If you want to go here. It opens from 07:00 am to 09:00 pm.
Murud Janjira has located 165 km from Mumbai City of India. Friends, this invincible fort of India could not win it even a ruler. Friends, if you have liked the information about the fort, then definitely share your experience with us in the comment section.
Who built murud janjira fort?
Murud Janjira Fort spread over 22 acres was built by Siddiqui Jauhar. The construction of this fort was completed in 22 years.
How to reach murud janjira?
Murud Janjira is a fort located on the Konkan coast in the Raigad district of Maharashtra. This fort is built on an oval-shaped rock. Murud Janjira is located at a distance of 27 km from Alibaug and can be reached by road or boat. Bus service is available from Alibag to Murud.
How to go murud janjira from mumbai?
Bus service is available from Mumbai to Murud via Alibaug. Its cost is around Rs. 50/- Although the seawater near the fort fills the valley during monsoons, it is advisable to visit Murud Janjira only in the dry season. The last bus from Alibag to Murud is at around 4 pm, but if you are in a group, you can always negotiate a pickup.
How to reach Murud Janjira from Mumbai by ferry?
The ferry service between Mumbai and Murud Janjira is operated by the Rani Bagh-Sanjan Ferry Service. The ferry leaves Sanjan ghat at 07:30 and arrives in Murud at 08:45. It returns from Murud at 12:30 and arrives at Sanjan at 13:30. Ferry service is available from Sanjan to Murud throughout the year. The rate for motorcycles and two-wheeler is 200 rupees, for quadricycles 300 rupees and for cars 500 rupees. The ferry service is closed during the monsoon season.
How to go murud janjira?
Murud Janjira is about 165 km from Mumbai and 30 km from Panvel. So, you can either book a cab or go by state transport buses. If you have a car you can drive it yourself, otherwise, you will have to walk. It will take 4-5 hours to reach the fort from Mumbai. Head to Murud beach and take boats that go to Janjira Fort. There are two government ferries that leave from the beach which cost 20 rupees. These are big boats that are safe and can carry around 12-15 people at a time. Boats leave at regular intervals and there is no need to book them in advance.